French: Métallure émeraude German: Smaragdkehl-Glanzschwänzchen Spanish: Metalura tiria
Subspecies and Distribution
M. t. districta
Bangs, 1899 – Santa Marta Metaltail – Santa Marta Mts and Sierra de Perijá (N Colombia–NW Venezuela border).
M. t. chloropogon
(Cabanis & Heine, 1860) – Costa Metaltail – Coastal Range of N Venezuela (Aragua E to Miranda).
M. t. oreopola
Todd, 1913 – Merida Metaltail – Andes of Venezuela (SW Lara, Trujillo, Mérida, N Táchira).
M. t. tyrianthina
(Loddiges, 1832) – Tyrian Metaltail – NW Venezuela (SW Táchira) through all Andean chains of Colombia and E & S Ecuador to extreme N Peru (Piura).
M. t. quitensis
Gould, 1861 – NW Ecuador.
M. t. septentrionalis
E. J. O. Hartert, 1899 – Cajamarca Metaltail – W slope of Andes of Peru (W of R Marañón, from Cajamarca to Lima).
M. t. smaragdinicollis
(d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) – Puno Metaltail – E slope of Andes from Peru (S from Amazonas) to C Bolivia (Santa Cruz).
9–10 cm; 2·7–5·1 g. Male has short, straight, black bill; upperparts bottle-green, underparts green with whitish-grey feather fringes; throat patch... read more
Seldom-heard song is a repeated series of weak, high-pitched, lispy notes “seek..sik..see..si..see... read more
Occurs in the interior of rather open humid forest, including second growth, cloudforest and moss-... read more
Food and feeding
Recorded at open flowers of Berberis, Escallonia, Eucalyptus, Eugenia, Hesperomelas, ... read more
Birds in breeding condition Apr–Aug in Perijá Mts and in E & C Andes of Colombia. Specimens with enlarged gonads found Oct... read more
Seasonal altitudinal movements; casually down to 600 m in Venezuela.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Common throughout its extensive range, locally very abundant. Presently not at risk due to its wide distribution and its... read more
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