Family Bush-shrikes (Malaconotidae)


Uluguru Bush-shrike (Malaconotus alius)


French: Gladiateur des Uluguru German: Schwarzkappenwürger Spanish: Gladiador de las Uluguru

Malaconotus alius


, 1927,

Bagilo, Uluguru Mountains, Tanzania


Differs from congeners in slightly smaller size, black head, brown eye, degree of sexual disparity, and perhaps also voice; in past, thought by some perhaps to be closer to Madagascar vangids than to current congeners, but DNA data (nuclear and mitochondrial)#R strongly support its placement within present genus. Monotypic.


Uluguru Mts, in E Tanzania.

Descriptive notes

23–24 cm. Medium-large bush-shrike with huge, powerful, hook-tipped bill. Male has forehead to nape, hindneck and side of neck glossy black, sharply defined all around... read more


Distinctive, strident, far-carrying series of low-pitched disyllabic whistles, "huw-teew" or "wu-... read more


Densest foliage in canopy of submontane and montane forest, from 1300 m to 2100 m.

Food and feeding

No information.


Immature seen in Jul. No other information.


Presumed sedentary.

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Restricted range species: present in Tanzania-Malawi Mountains EBA. Confined to forest on Uluguru Mts, where elusive and rare. N Uluguru is a narrow ridge 25 km... read more

Recommended citation

Fry, H. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Uluguru Bush-shrike (Malaconotus alius). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 29 February 2020).