Family Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Least Concern

Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda)


French: Maubèche des champs German: Prärieläufer Spanish: Correlimos batitú

Tringa longicauda


, 1812,

North America




C Alaska, Yukon and S Mackenzie; British Columbia and Alberta E through Great Plains to S Quebec and New Brunswick, and S in USA to C Oregon, N Oklahoma, C Missouri, West Virginia and Maryland. Winters from Bolivia, Paraguay and S Brazil to C Argentina.

Descriptive notes

26–32 cm; 98–226 g; wingspan 64–68 cm. Curious sandpiper, reminiscent of small curlews; elegant, with short yellow bill (25–35 mm), large dark eye,... read more


Gives both long and short, ethereal whistles on breeding grounds, with the former including initial... read more


Inland, on primary or restored prairie grasslands, apparently preferring burned tall-grass prairies... read more

Food and feeding

Diet chiefly consists of terrestrial insects such as grasshoppers, crickets and weevils, larvae of beetles and Lepidoptera, also centipedes... read more


Lays mainly early May–late Jun, but exceptionally late Apr at SE edge of range and second week of Jul in far N. Density 5–22... read more


Long-distance migrant, principally moving at night. Main wintering areas seem to be located in... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Total population estimated at 350,000 individuals, of which significant percentages occur in North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and... read more

Recommended citation

Van Gils, J., Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).