Family Antpittas (Grallariidae)

Critically Endangered

Urrao Antpitta (Grallaria fenwickorum)


French: Grallaire d’Urrao German: Antioquia-Ameisenpitta Spanish: Tororoí de Urrao

Grallaria fenwickorum

Barrera and A. Bartels

, 2010,

Colibrí del Sol Bird Reserve, Vereda El Chuscal, 3130 m, Páramo de Frontino (Páramo del Sol), Urrao, Antioquia, Colombia


Name fenwickorum has priority over urraoensis, which was published one month later; latter name#R is, however, used by some authors who consider the name fenwickorum unavailable due to certain procedural shortcomings, mainly concerning designation of holotype. Following several years of disagreement#R#R#R, the matter is currently under consideration by ICZN; until official decision is reached, the name with priority should be used#R. This species appears to be closely related to G. milleri#R. Monotypic.


Colibrí del Sol Bird Reserve, on SE slope of Páramo del Sol Massif, at N end of W Andes of Colombia.

Descriptive notes

c. 16–17 cm; 53·5–57·4 g. A medium-sized nondescript antpitta. Head and upperparts including upperwing are olive-brown, darker brown on tail,... read more


Song consists of 3 notes, progressively increasing in pitch and length, “tu, tuut, tú... read more


Montane cloudforest dominated by Andean oak (Quercus humboldtii), Blakea, ... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on insects, especially beetles (Coleoptera). Forages in leaf litter and dense understorey. Most active in early morning and at dusk. read more


A recently fledged young bird found in Jun, downy plumage dark grey with olive-brown tips, bill mostly orange with duskier culmen;... read more


Probably sedentary; some dispersal between forest patches likely.

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: present in Chocó EBA. Known range extremely small (5·8 km2), possibly restricted to one location in area with... read more

Recommended citation

Fjeldså, J. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Urrao Antpitta (Grallaria fenwickorum). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 August 2019).