Family African Barbets (Lybiidae)

Least Concern

Usambiro Barbet (Trachyphonus usambiro)


French: Barbican masaï German: Usambirobartvogel Spanish: Barbudo usambiro

Trachyphonus darnaudii usambiro


, 1908,

Usambiro, Tanzania


Usually treated as conspecific with T. darnaudii and T. emini, but differs from former in its considerably longer wing (effect size vs T. d. boehmi 5.89; score 3), shorter tail (effect size vs T. d. boehmi –2.24; score 2), darker bill (1), darker upperparts (1), and broader black breastband (2); differs from latter in characters indicated under that species. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

SW Kenya to CN Tanzania.

Descriptive notes

18–19 cm; 37–50·5 g. Brown, black, yellow and orange, speckled and streaked; white spots on brown back and tail, speckled head with some yellow; small black throat patch... read more


Vocally distinctive, compared to the previously conspecific T. darnaudii and T. emini... read more


Open areas, bushland, degraded shrubby grassland and pasture, favouring old “manyattas... read more

Food and feeding

No known differences from T. arnaudii.


No known differences from T. darnaudii, but season probably even more prolonged (perhaps even year-round), though probably varying... read more


Resident and sedentary, with local movements only.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Not uncommon throughout range; present in several protected areas, e.g. Masai Mara Game Reserve (Kenya), and Tarangire and Serengeti National Parks (... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2018). Usambiro Barbet (Trachyphonus usambiro). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 October 2018).