Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)


Vanuatu Imperial-pigeon (Ducula bakeri)


French: Carpophage de Baker German: Kurzflügel-Fruchttaube Spanish: Dúcula de Nuevas Hébridas
Other common names: Baker's Imperial-pigeon

Muscadivora bakeri


, 1928,

Santo, Vanuatu


Closely related to D. latrans, D. brenchleyi and D. goliath; this group also shows some affinities with the D. pinon species-group. Monotypic.


Banks Is (Ureparapara, Vanua Lava, Gaua) and N Vanuatu (Espíritu Santo, Ambae, Maewo, Pentecost, Ambrym).

Descriptive notes

c. 40 cm. Head pale slate grey, paler on forehead and throat; mantle, wings and tail dark slate-grey; collar, back and breast dark chestnut with slight purplish gloss;... read more


Commonest call is a series of c. 15 even-pitched hoots, which gradually shorten and are given at an... read more


Primary montane rain forest chiefly above 600 m, mainly on larger islands of the region. Although... read more

Food and feeding

Little information. Frugivorous, feeding on the fruits and berries of a variety of native trees, shrubs and vines, and possibly palms.... read more


No specific information; habits considered likely to be similar to those of D. pacifica.


Little information. Reported to be locally nomadic in response to fruit availability; will fly... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Population estimated at less than 10,000 individuals and declining. Threatened by hunting, which is permitted during April–June, as with other pigeons on... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). Vanuatu Imperial-pigeon (Ducula bakeri). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 30 March 2020).