French: Passerin varié German: Vielfarbenfink Spanish: Azulillo morado
near Temascaltepec, Mexico
Subspecies and Distribution
P. v. dickeyae
van Rossem, 1934 – S USA (C & S Arizona, S New Mexico) and W Mexico (Sonora and WC Chihuahua S to Colima); N populations migrate to S of range.
P. v. versicolor
(Bonaparte, 1838) – S USA (SE New Mexico; S Texas from Big Bend to Rio Grande Valley) and S through C Mexico to Oaxaca; N populations migrate to S of range.
P. v. pulchra
Ridgway, 1887 – S Baja California (Mexico).
P. v. purpurascens
Griscom, 1930 – S Mexico (Chiapas) and S Guatemala (Motagua Valley).
11–14 cm; male average 13 g, female average 12·8 g. Male nominate race has forehead and area between bill and eye down to chin blackish, crown bright violet-blue... read more
Song a rich series of short, rapidly repeated phrases or syllables, lasting for 3–6 seconds;... read more
Dry scrubland, thorn-scrub, acacia (Acacia) thickets and similar; in Mexico found in... read more
Food and feeding
In summer, mixed animal and vegetable diet. Invertebrate prey includes caterpillars, small grasshoppers (Orthoptera), beetles (Coleoptera... read more
Season mid-Apr to mid-Jul; said to be single-brooded in S Arizona, but in Texas apparently double-brooded. Male strongly philopatric. Pair-... read more
Sedentary in S of range, although some of those breeding in S Baja California (race pulchra... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Classified as “Declining” in USA (Yellow WatchList priority species for conservation). Locally common to uncommon. Has decreased in some parts of... read more
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