French: Grive à collier German: Halsbanddrossel Spanish: Zorzal pinto
J. F. Gmelin
Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada
Subspecies and Distribution
I. n. meruloides
(Swainson, 1832) – from NC Alaska E to NW Canada; non-breeding also SW USA and extreme NW Mexico (N Baja California).
I. n. naevius
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – SE Alaska (including Kodiak I) S to NW California; non-breeding also S to SW California.
I. n. carlottae
(A. R. Phillips, 1991) – Queen Charlotte Is, in British Columbia (SW Canada).
I. n. godfreii
(A. R. Phillips, 1991) – interior British Columbia S to interior NW USA (E Washington, NE Oregon, N Idaho and NW Montana).
21·5–24 cm; 65–100 g. Slaty and orange plumage, in complex pattern. Male nominate race is mainly slate-grey above (blue-tinged when breeding), with orange... read more
Song, mainly Mar–Aug, chiefly Apr–Jun (occasionally in winter), mostly early morning... read more
Dark, wet conifer forest with shaded mossy floor, with various combinations of dominant trees such... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly terrestrial invertebrates in spring and summer; mainly fruit, berries and mast in autumn and winter. Rarely, cultivated fruit and... read more
Apr–Aug; probably double-brooded. Territory probably c. 7 ha; evidence suggests inter-nest distance not closer than 300 m. Nest... read more
Poorly studied. In S of range variable from year to year, with erratic irruptive pattern, and some... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common. Abundance tends to be cyclical, with peaks every 2–5 years (possibly correlated with cycles in abundance of... read more
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