Family Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Data Deficient

Vaurie's Nightjar (Caprimulgus centralasicus)


French: Engoulevent de Vaurie German: Vaurienachtschwalbe Spanish: Chotacabras de Vaurie
Other common names: Central Asian Nightjar

Caprimulgus centralasicus


, 1960,

Pishan, western Xinjiang, western China


Taxonomic status perhaps questionable. Known only from type specimen, an immature female originally identified as C. aegyptius, and compared only with that species when described; further study of immature C. europaeus plumipes may also be of interest. Recent reassessment, however, strongly supports probability that taxon is valid, specimen being markedly smaller than any plumipes even allowing for incomplete growth of wings#R. Monotypic.


W China (SW Xinjiang), where possibly occurs throughout S Tarim Basin along Kun Lun; speculated to breed in Taklamakan Desert or as far N as Gobi Desert and to winter in semi-deserts of Pakistan and NW India#R.

Descriptive notes

19 cm. Known only from type specimen, a suspected immature female. Closest in size to C. nubicus and C. mahrattensis. Upperparts sandy-buff, streaked and... read more




Possibly arid plains and sandy foothills covered in short scrub. Type specimen was collected at... read more

Food and feeding



No information.


Unknown, but species (if valid) is assumed to be a migrant given that winter bird community of S... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Previously considered Vulnerable; now regarded as Data Deficient. Restricted-range species: present in Taklimakan (Taklamakan) Desert EBA. Taxonomic... read more

Recommended citation

Cleere, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2018). Vaurie's Nightjar (Caprimulgus centralasicus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2018).