French: Brillant à couronne verte German: Grüner Brillantkolibri Spanish: Brillante de tepuy
Salvin and Godman, 1882,
Merumé Mountains, Guyana.
Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
H. x. xanthogonys
Salvin & Godman, 1882 – highlands and tepuis of S & SE Venezuela, W Guyana and extreme N Brazil. Recorded also in Surinam#R.
H. x. willardi
Weller & Renner, 2001 – tepuis of extreme S Venezuela (Serranía de la Neblina, Serra Imeri), around border with N Brazil (Roraima).
10–11 cm; 5·5–7·5 g. Bill straight, blackish above, lower mandible orange with dark tip (c. 2 cm). Male has forehead and centre of crown glittering... read more
A repeated nasal “squank”, also given in flight. Also high-pitched drawn-out reeling trills,... read more
Forest, forest edges, clearings and scrub within the sub-montane zone of cerros and ... read more
Food and feeding
Nectar of various plants such as Tyleria and also vines (especially Ericaceae) and epiphytes, with birds either trap-lining or... read more
Season apparently at least Jan–Mar based on specimens. Saddle-type nest; clutch two white eggs. No further information.
Probably almost sedentary. As the species has not been recorded from the lowlands of S Venezuela,... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Tepuis EBA. As an endemic of the Pantepui region, it can be regarded as an insular species with a... read more
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