French: Carouge velouté German: Samtstirnstärling Spanish: Chango terciopelo
Itacoatiara, north-east Amazonas, Brazil
Subspecies and Distribution
L. t. guianensis
Cabanis, 1849 – #R#RVenezuela (Sucre and NE Monagas S to NE Bolívar; NW Amazonas) and NW Guyana, NE Colombia (NE Vichada and NE Guainía), and extreme N Brazil (Roraima).
L. t. tanagrinus
(Spix, 1824) – Velvet-fronted Grackle – Amazon Basin in E Ecuador, S Colombia (mainly Amazonas), NE Peru (Loreto and Ucayali) and W Brazil (Amazonas E to lower R Negro and R Madeira).
L. t. macropterus
Gyldenstolpe, 1945 – W Brazil (upper R Juruá in Acre and W Amazonas).
L. t. violaceus
Hellmayr, 1906 – Violaceus Grackle – WC Brazil (NW Mato Grosso).
L. t. boliviensis
Gyldenstolpe, 1941 – Bolivian Grackle – E Bolivia (Beni and Santa Cruz).
Male average 20·3 cm, 59·4 g; female average 19 cm, 55·2 g. All-dark icterid with short, conical bill and rather long and fan-shaped tail; feathers on... read more
Rather vocal. Songs in Venezuela (nominate race) pleasant, but with slight glassy tone. Song... read more
Usually near water (rivers, channels, oxbow lakes, marshes) in primary forest and secondary forest... read more
Food and feeding
Few data on diet; stomach contents beetles (Coleoptera) and alate ants (Formicidae). Forages in lower and middle levels of vegetation, also... read more
Season Mar in Guyana, Sept in Ecuador, and Oct and Feb in Bolivia. Seems to be a co-operative breeder, but scant available information. A... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Rather uncommon to fairly common and locally common. Tolerates moderate habitat modification.
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