French: Sittelle veloutée German: Samtstirnkleiber Spanish: Trepador piquirrojo
Subspecies and Distribution
S. f. frontalis
Swainson, 1820 – peninsular India, especially in hills (absent from large areas, e.g. N & NW, Gangetic Plain and Deccan Plateau), Himalayan foothills from Uttarakhand E to NE India (S from Assam and Nagaland), Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, S China (SE Xizang, W, S & SE Yunnan, C & S Guizhou, Guangxi and WC Guangdong in Ding Hu Shan), Myanmar, Thailand S to Isthmus of Kra (absent from C plains and much of NE), and Indochina. Records in Hong Kong may refer to an introduced or a previously undetected population.
S. f. saturatior
E. J. O. Hartert, 1902 – Malay Peninsula S of Isthmus of Kra (including Phuket, Penang and Singapore), Lingga Archipelago, Sumatra (including Simeulue I) and Bangka.
S. f. corallipes
(Sharpe, 1888) – Borneo, including Maratua I (off E coast).
S. f. palawana
E. J. O. Hartert, 1905 – Palawan and Balabac, in W Philippines.
S. f. velata
Temminck, 1821 – Java.
12–13·5 cm; 8·5–17 g (frontalis). A medium-small nuthatch with bright red bill (blackish in juvenile), yellow eye and eyering, black... read more
Noisy. Common calls a single full, hard “chat”, “chit”, “chlit... read more
Wide variety of forest types, including tropical rainforest, swamp-forest, semi-evergreen, hill... read more
Food and feeding
Food insects and spiders (Araneae). Found in pairs and in parties of up to six individuals, occasionally more, with up to 20 recorded... read more
Season Apr–Jun in N India, Jan–May in S India and Sri Lanka, and in Myanmar Mar–Apr in N and Feb–Mar in S, May... read more
Resident; few indications of altitudinal movement.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Generally common in Indian Subcontinent and SE Asia, and can be abundant in optimum habitat, but local in Bangladesh and scarce in N Vietnam (Tonkin... read more
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