French: Macreuse brune German: Samtente Spanish: Negrón especulado
Other common names:
White-winged Scoter (when lumped with the two following species)
Breeds in Scandinavia and Estonia E to R Yenisey, C Siberia S to Kazakhstan; isolated populations in Turkey, Armenia and Georgia. Winters along the coasts of Western Europe S to N Mediterranean; also Black and Caspian Seas.
51–58 cm; male 1173–2104 g, female 1140–1895 g; wingspan 86–99 cm. Large Melanitta. Recognizable in flight by conspicuous white secondaries... read more
Considered to be generally rather silent, but male gives “vak-vak” in courtship, while female has “... read more
Breeds around small freshwater bodies of boreal forest and Arctic tundra, sometimes well inland,... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly molluscs; also crustaceans, worms, echinoderms, annelids, small fish and, in fresh water, insects and their larvae. Little plant... read more
Generally starts May/Jun. Seasonally monogamous; pairs may defend small territory around nest-site. In single pairs or loose groups (... read more
Migratory; winters on coasts of Europe S to Mediterranean, Black and Caspian Seas; also inland, e.g... read more
Status and conservation
VULNERABLE. Numbers best known from counts in wintering areas: similar downwards trend in numbers as suspected for other Melanitta species, at least in parts of... read more
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