French: Oriole troupiale German: Orangetrupial Spanish: Turpial venezolano
“in America calidiore” = Cumaná, Sucre, Venezuela
Subspecies and Distribution
I. i. ridgwayi
(E. J. O. Hartert, 1902) – N Colombia (Guajira and N Cesar) and lowlands of N Venezuela E to Sucre and Margarita I; also Leeward Antilles (Aruba and Curaçao).
I. i. icterus
(Linnaeus, 1766) – Venezuelan Troupial – N & C Venezuela from Carabobo and W Apure to S Monagas and N Bolívar.
I. i. metae
Phelps, Jr & Aveledo, 1966 – Meta Troupial – W Venezuela (S Apure) and adjacent NE Colombia (Arauca, Vichada).
23–27 cm; in Venezuela, male average 67·3 g, female average 58·5 g; for introduced population in Puerto Rico, male 65·5–88 g, female 60... read more
Song, by both sexes, loud repetitions of rich melodious phrases of 2–4 elements, e.g. “... read more
In Aruba and coastal Venezuela found in xerophytic woodland of acacia (Acacia) and... read more
Food and feeding
Nectar, fruits, seeds, arthropods and small vertebrates. Stomach contents from Aruba and Curaçao included mostly insects, i.e.... read more
Season Mar–Dec, during both wet and dry seasons, in Colombia and Venezuela, and probably in all months on Aruba and Curaçao;... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common to fairly common or locally common; said to be abundant on Aruba and Curaçao. Reports of this species from several of the Lesser... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!