Family New World Quails (Odontophoridae)

Near Threatened

Venezuelan Wood-quail (Odontophorus columbianus)


French: Tocro du Venezuela German: Venezuelawachtel Spanish: Corcovado venezolano

Odontophorus columbianus


, 1850,

Caracas, Venezuela


Sometimes considered conspecific with O. atrifrons, O. dialeucos, O. strophium and O. leucolaemus. Monotypic.


NC Venezuela from Carabobo E to NW Miranda; two records from Táchira (W Venezuela).

Descriptive notes

25–30 cm; estimated weight of male 343 g, of female 336 g. No geographical overlap with any congeneric. Overall colo­ration reddish brown with pale streaks on ­... read more


Advertising call lasts up to ten seconds, given principally at dawn but irregularly during morning... read more


Montane subtropical cloud forests at altitudes of 800–2400 m. Found on forest floor; foraging... read more

Food and feeding

Few data. Consumes seeds, fruits, insects and worms. Forages by scratching litter to expose soil; also scrapes into soil, apparently to... read more


From Mar perhaps to end of Jul. One chambered nest with roof of vegetation found at base of palms. One clutch of six eggs. Eggs white,... read more


Presumably sedentary. During Jan, singles, pairs and groups of up to 12 birds observed.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Restricted-range species, present in Cordillera de la Costa Central EBA and Colombian East Andes EBA. Total... read more

Recommended citation

Carroll, J.P., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Venezuelan Wood-quail (Odontophorus columbianus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).