Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Vermilion Tanager (Calochaetes coccineus)


French: Tangara carmin German: Mennigtangare Spanish: Tangara bermellón

Euchætes coccineus

P. L. Sclater

, 1858,

Río Napo, Ecuador




E slope of Andes from S Colombia (W Caquetá) S to S Peru (Ayacucho and Cordillera Vilcabamba, in N Cuzco).

Descriptive notes

15 cm; 42–49 g. Chunky, short-tailed and strikingly patterned, with rather short, thick bill. Has loral area, ocular area, throat and uppermost chest black (forming large bib... read more


Rather quiet overall. Song (or possibly subsong) may be thin “chip” or “sit” notes followed by... read more


Occupies pre-montane and montane wet forest (cloudforest) and wet forest edges. Found at c. 320–600... read more

Food and feeding

Insects, and fruit, especially Cecropia catkins and large fruits of melastomes. One stomach contained Cecropia seeds.... read more


No information.


Apparently resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Uncommon in Ecuador and Peru. Status in Colombia uncertain, and few records; recorded above Churuyaco, on Nariño–Putumayo border, and probably also... read more

Recommended citation

Hilty, S. (2019). Vermilion Tanager (Calochaetes coccineus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 May 2019).