Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Vernal Hanging-parrot (Loriculus vernalis)


French: Coryllis vernal German: Frühlingspapageichen Spanish: Lorículo vernal

Psittacus vernalis


, 1787,

Cachar, north-east India


Closely related to L. beryllinus. Birds of S India formerly placed in race rubropygialis on basis of darker coloration and duller red rump, but these differences subsequently put down to individual variation and/or wear. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • L. v. vernalis (Sparrman, 1787) – SW & E India and C Nepal E through Assam, Bangladesh, extreme SW China (SW Yunnan) and SE Asia (except S Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia) to Indochina; also Andaman Is.
  • L. v. phileticus Deignan, 1956 – S Myanmar (Mergui Archipelago and S Tenasserim) and N peninsular Thailand.
  • Descriptive notes

    13–15 cm; 35·7 g (captive female). Bill orangish red; plumage generally green, with yellower tone to underparts; pale blue patch on throat; rump and uppertail-... read more


    Commonest vocalizations are a high-pitched buzzy doubled “tzeet…tzeet” and a fast triple-noted “... read more


    Evergreen forest, moist and dry deciduous woodlands, secondary growth, abandoned cultivated land,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Soft pulp of fruits and berries, chiefly figs (Ficus), largely supplemented by flower nectar, notably Erythrina,... read more


    Jan–Apr; in Andamans chiefly Jan–Feb. Nest in natural hollow in rotten tree stem or branch. Eggs 2–4; in captivity,... read more


    In India subject to poorly understood local migrations, being a rains visitor in certain parts and... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Very common on Andaman and Nicobar Is, reasonably so in S Thailand (common in Khao Yai National Park in NC). Common in Cambodia, around... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. & Boesman, P. (2019). Vernal Hanging-parrot (Loriculus vernalis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).