French: Bruant vespéral German: Abendammer Spanish: Chingolo coliblanco
J. F. Gmelin
New York, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
P. g. confinis
S. F. Baird, 1858 – SW Canada (C British Columbia and SW Mackenzie E through C Saskatchewan and S Manitoba to W Ontario) and S in USA to CE California, C Nevada, C Arizona, C New Mexico, E Colorado and W Nebraska; non-breeding from S edge of breeding range (California E to New Mexico) and from S Texas S in Mexican highlands (to Oaxaca), occasionally to Guatemala.
P. g. affinis
G. S. Miller, 1888 – W Washington and W Oregon (W USA); non-breeding from C California (W of Sierra Nevada) S to NW Mexico (NW Baja California, possibly also Chihuahua).
P. g. gramineus
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – SE Canada (NE Ontario and S Quebec E to Prince Edward I and N Nova Scotia) and E USA from N Minnesota E to Maine and S to C Missouri, C Kentucky, NE Tennessee, C North Carolina and S Virginia; non-breeding from S part of breeding range S to C Texas and Gulf Coast.
14–18 cm; 19·5–28·3 g. A medium-sized sparrow with fairly large, conical bill, much white in outer tail feathers. Nominate race breeding has... read more
Song, from tree or exposed perch, sweet and musical, generally 2–4 long clear notes, often... read more
Dry open grasslands with sparse and patchy herbaceous vegetation, fields, and brushy second growth... read more
Food and feeding
Diet mainly small invertebrates and seeds. Invertebrates taken include beetles (Coleoptera), grasshoppers (Orthoptera), caterpillars (... read more
Season Apr–Aug; generally one or two broods, occasionally triple-brooded. Monogamous; occasionally polygynous. Males arriving late on... read more
Mostly migratory. Spring migration from mid-Feb to early May; in Colorado Valley passage through to... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Race affinis listed as a “California Bird Species of Special Concern” (wintering population). Locally common in... read more
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