Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Vilcabamba Inca (Coeligena eisenmanni)


French: Inca d’Eisenmann German: Grünscheitel-Andenkolibri Spanish: Inca de Vilcabamba

Coeligena torquata eisenmanni


, 1985,

Bogotá, Colombia


Relationships uncertain within the complex containing C. conradii, C. torquata, present species and C. inca (also relationship to C. prunellei and C. wilsoni); further studies needed (see also under C. torquata). Hitherto considered conspecific with C. torquata, but differs on account of black hood in male (3); coppery uppertail-coverts in male (2); bronzy-green vs bottle-green central rectrices (ns[1]); strong buffy and largely plain throat in female (2); and more white on rectrices of female, reaching to tip on inner webs (ns[2]). Monotypic.


S Peru (Cordillera Vilcabamba).

Descriptive notes

c. 13·5–14·5 cm. Long, straight, black bill (3·2–3·35 cm). Previously considered conspecific with C. torquata and C. conradii (see Taxonomy comments), to... read more


No information.


No known differences from C. torquata and C. conradii, being found in well-... read more

Food and feeding

No information on food plants, but foraging strategies are presumably similar to those of C. torquata and C. conradii.


No data.


Sedentary as far as is known, but short-range dispersal movements presumably occur.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Very common within its comparatively small range (estimated at c. 10,700 km²). To date no specific threats have been recorded, but the... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2020). Vilcabamba Inca (Coeligena eisenmanni). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).