Statius Müller, 1776,
Four subspecies groups, based largely on head pattern of breeding-plumaged males; vocalizations complex, more research required. Race nigriceps sometimes considered a separate species, but intergrades with spilonotus in S Africa involving “4 main types of intermediate plumage”#R and no more distinctive than the other races. Proposed races bohndorffi (Stanley Falls, in DRCongo), frobenii (Lomami, in DRCongo), femininus (SE Rwenzori, in Uganda) and graueri (N end of L Tanganyika) synonymized with nominate, paroptus (Arabuko-Sokoke, in coastal Kenya) with nigriceps, and dilutescens (S Mozambique) with spilonotus; paroptus sometimes misspelt paropterus (original description checked). Five subspecies recognized.
Introduced in West Indies (nominate race), Venezuela, and on Mauritius and Reunion (spilonotus), and probably introduced on São Tomé (nigriceps).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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