Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

Violaceous Euphonia (Euphonia violacea)


French: Organiste teité German: Veilchenorganist Spanish: Eufonia violácea

Fringilla violacea


, 1758,



Race rodwayi weakly differentiated, and perhaps better subsumed within nominate. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. v. rodwayi (T. E. Penard, 1919) – E & S Venezuela and Trinidad.
  • E. v. violacea (Linnaeus, 1758) – the Guianas, and N Brazil (N of R Amazon E of R Jamundá; S of Amazon from R Madeira E to Maranhão).
  • E. v. aurantiicollis A. W. Bertoni, 1901 – E Brazil (Piauí and Paraíba S to Goiás, Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro, then W to W Paraná and S to Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones).
  • Descriptive notes

    10 cm; 12·5–17 g. Rather small euphonia with bill relatively heavy for the genus. Male nominate race has orange-yellow forecrown patch extending just to front... read more


    Songs incorporate mimicked notes and phrases of many other birds, including both oscine and non-... read more


    Humid forest, forest borders, second-growth woodland, shrubby clearings with taller trees, orchards... read more

    Food and feeding

    Fruits; also, reported as taking nectar from Psittacanthus mistletoe (Loranthaceae) in Brazil, and Allophyllus edulis (... read more


    Breeding reported Jan–Aug (mostly May–Jul) in Trinidad, Nov–Apr in Suriname and Oct in Brazil. Nest built by both sexes,... read more


    Resident. May wander seasonally in search of fruit.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common, and widespread. Occurs in a number of protected areas, ranging from Canaima National Park (Venezuela), Kaieteur National... read more

    Recommended citation

    Hilty, S. (2020). Violaceous Euphonia (Euphonia violacea). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 February 2020).