Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Violet-bellied Hummingbird (Juliamyia julie)


Taxonomy

French: Colibri de Julie German: Juliakolibri Spanish: Colibrí de Julia
Taxonomy:

Ornismyia [sic] julie

Bourcier

, 1843,

Tunja, Boyacá, Colombia

.

Specific name sometimes misspelt juliae; both names published by same author just weeks apart; present name has priority#R. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • J. j. panamensis (Berlepsch, 1884) – C & E Panama (Canal Zone, both slopes of Darién) to NW Colombia (R Sinú); also reported, apparently in error, from Costa Rica.
  • J. j. julie#R (Bourcier, 1843) – N & C Colombia E to Santa Marta, Magdalena Valley and Tolima.
  • J. j. feliciana (Lesson, 1844) – SW Colombia (W Nariño) S through W Ecuador to NW Peru (Tumbes).
  • Descriptive notes

    8·1–9·2 cm; male 3·3–4·4 g, female 2·5–3 g. Male has short straight bill, maxilla black, mandible pinkish, tipped black;... read more

    Voice

    Song a repeated high-pitched, slightly nasal, thin rattle initiated by a descending syllable “kee-... read more

    Habitat

    Lowland forest, forest edge, second growth, clearings, common in semi-open foothill regions from... read more

    Food and feeding

    Nectar of flowering shrubs and trees, including Rubiaceae, Ericaceae, Gesneriaceae (Besleria) and Inga. Insects are... read more

    Breeding

    Jan–Jul (Panama), Nov–May (Colombia, Ecuador). Cup-shaped nest of plant down is saddled on small branches of bushes at 1... read more

    Movements

    Sedentary, with some seasonal altitudinal dispersal, usually after reproduction.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Widespread and fairly common in coastal lowlands. Some local populations protected, e.g. in Tayrona and Los Katíos... read more

    Recommended citation

    Schuchmann, K.L. & Boesman, P. (2019). Violet-bellied Hummingbird (Juliamyia julie). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55464 on 26 June 2019).