Family Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)

Least Concern

Violet-breasted Sunbird (Cinnyris chalcomelas)


Taxonomy

French: Souimanga à poitrine violette German: Veilchenbrust-Nektarvogel Spanish: Suimanga pechivioleta
Taxonomy:

Cinnyris chalcomelas

Reichenow

, 1905,

Kismaayo, southern Somalia

.

In the past, often considered conspecific with C. pembae. Monotypic.

Distribution:

S Somalia and SE Kenya.

Descriptive notes

11–12 cm; 7–9·5 g. Male breeding has head and upperparts, including median and lesser wing-coverts, iridescent emerald-green, uppertail black with slight... read more

Voice

Trilling song as “chrrrrrrrrsssswwwizzzzlllle” or slower sequence of notes, ending with... read more

Habitat

Coastal thornbush.

Food and feeding

Few data. Diet presumably includes nectar and insects. Forages singly and in pairs, at times in small groups; one group of 100 individuals... read more

Breeding

Nestlings in Dec and nest-building observed in Apr, Jul and Oct in Somalia. Female alone builds nest. No other information.

Movements

No data.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Locally fairly common in Somalia; rather uncommon in Kenya.

Recommended citation

Cheke, R. & Mann, C. (2019). Violet-breasted Sunbird (Cinnyris chalcomelas). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60045 on 23 August 2019).