Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Near Threatened

Violet-capped Hummingbird (Goldmania violiceps)


French: Colibri à calotte violette German: Violettkappenkolibri Spanish: Colibrí de Goldman

Goldmania violiceps


, 1911,

Cerro Azul, 3000 feet [c. 1000 m], north-west of Chepo, Panama




Mountains of C & E Panama (Cerro Azul, Cerro Brewster, Cerro Bruja, Serranía de Majé, Cerro Tacarcuna, Cerro Mali) and extreme NW Colombia.

Descriptive notes

8·5–9·5 cm; male 3·8–4·4 g, female 3·4–3·9 g. Male has straight black bill, mandible basally flesh-coloured; crown... read more


Call a series of irregularly repeated, very nasal and fairly low-pitched notes, “kyek...kyek-kyek-... read more


Humid forest and forest edges between 600 and 1200 m, commonest around 900 m. Forages mainly low... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar of low flowering shrubs, including Salvia, Pachystachis, Palicourea and Psammisia.


Nests have been found Dec to Mar, with females collected in breeding condition in Apr; no further information available.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently listed as Near Threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Darién Highlands EBA. Fairly common to locally common (... read more

Recommended citation

Schuchmann, K.L., Boesman, P., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Violet-capped Hummingbird (Goldmania violiceps). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 29 February 2020).