Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Violet-capped Woodnymph (Thalurania glaucopis)


French: Dryade glaucope German: Blaukronennymphe Spanish: Zafiro capirotado

Trochilus glaucopis

J. F. Gmelin

, 1788,



Closely related to T. watertonii; both are probably old elements within genus Thalurania. Monotypic.


E & SE Brazil (Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones); doubtfully N Uruguay.

Descriptive notes

8–11 cm; male 4–6·1 g, female 4–5 g. Male has bill straight, medium-sized, almost blackish or with dark brown tip to mandible; cap glittering violet-... read more


Possible song a monotonous rapid series of evenly spaced metallic chips, “chip..chip..chip...”, at... read more


Virgin forest, forest edges, scrub; also found in suburban areas like parks and gardens, and even... read more

Food and feeding

Forages for nectar at a great variety of native and introduced plants, from low in understorey to canopy level. In forested areas, plant... read more


Season Sept–Feb. Nest bowl-shaped, made of soft plant wool and fibres, such as Gramineae, Typha, Bombaceae, or Bromeliaceae... read more


Short-distance migrant. Although sometimes listed for Uruguay, no recent confirmation of breeding,... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. One of commonest trochilids in SE Brazil, where frequent both in forested and semi-open areas; occurs in many protected... read more

Recommended citation

Weller, A.A., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2020). Violet-capped Woodnymph (Thalurania glaucopis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).