Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Violet-chested Hummingbird (Sternoclyta cyanopectus)


Taxonomy

French: Colibri à poitrine violette German: Veilchenbrustkolibri Spanish: Colibrí pechiazul
Taxonomy:

Trochilus (Lampornis) cyanopectus

Gould

, 1846,

Neiguata Plantation, near Camburi Grande, La Guaira, Venezuela

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

N Colombia (Norte de Santander)#R and W & N Venezuela (Andes of Táchira, Mérida and Lara and coastal mountains E to Miranda).

Descriptive notes

11·4–13 cm; male 7·0–9·4 g, female 4·0–10·3 g. Bill slightly curved, black. Male shining grass-green above; below with... read more

Voice

Song is series of sharp “chit! ... chit! ... chit!...” notes given at rate of c. 1/second, or... read more

Habitat

Humid forest and woodland in lower subtropical zone, especially at landslides or old treefalls;... read more

Food and feeding

Usually keeps inside dense vegetation and forages in darkest areas of the forest, only rarely ascending into canopy to feed and never... read more

Breeding

Season Mar–Jul in NW Venezuela (Lara), but also Nov–Dec in NC Venezuela (Aragua). Cup-shaped nest, placed on average 1·9... read more

Movements

Sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Cordillera de la Costa Central EBA and Cordillera de Mérida EBA. Until recently... read more

Recommended citation

Heynen, I. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Violet-chested Hummingbird (Sternoclyta cyanopectus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55542 on 19 June 2019).