Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Violet-crowned Plovercrest (Stephanoxis loddigesii)


French: Colibri à huppe bleue German: Violetthaubenelfe Spanish: Colibrí copetón sureño

Trochilus Loddigesii


, 1831,

Rio Grande do Sul


Usually considered a subspecies of S. lalandi, but marked plumage differences (noted in HBW) include glittering purple-violet vs emerald-green crown (3); whitish-grey of lower face extending under chin (in lalandi blue of underparts extends from chin to mid-flanks) (2); blue of throat, breast and belly darker and narrower down body, so that grey of flanks more or less continuous (3); bill longer (effect size 8.76, score 3). Monotypic.


E Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones) to SE Brazil (S São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul).

Descriptive notes

8·5–9·5 cm; male 3·7 g. Compared to formerly conspecific S. lalandi has bill slightly longer; male differs by violet-blue crest, brownish ear-coverts, chin and... read more


At leks, males give a complex, modulated vocalization at a mean rate of 74·8 ± 14·5 songs/minute (... read more


Understorey of forest, scrub vegetation and along watercourses from sea-level to 900 m.

Food and feeding

Forages for nectar at native and introduced flowers (Vochysia, Salvia, Dombeya, Calliandra, Inga... read more


Season Oct–Mar in Brazil. Males generally gather at leks during the reproductive period, but lone singing males are occasionally recorded;... read more


Largely sedentary, but in S of breeding range individuals winter at lower elevations.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Patchily distributed and only locally common, e.g. around Porto Alegre in Rio Grande do Sul (S Brazil). In C & S Paraná... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Violet-crowned Plovercrest (Stephanoxis loddigesii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 February 2020).