French: Colibri à tête violette German: Violettkopfkolibri Spanish: Colibrí cabeciazul
Nominate race and pallidiventris intergrade in SE Ecuador. Three subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
K. g. merrittii
(Lawrence, 1861) – E Honduras to E Panama.
K. g. guimeti
(Bourcier, 1843) – Sierra de Perijá and mountains of N & W Venezuela S through E Andes of Colombia and Ecuador to extreme N Peru.
K. g. pallidiventris
Stolzmann, 1926 – E slope of Andes from N Peru (Amazonas) S to C Bolivia (Cochabamba).
7·5–8·5 cm; male 2·9 g, female 2·7–2·9 g. Bill of female averages slightly longer, but male has significantly longer wings and... read more
Male gives repeated high-pitched song comprising just two notes, “pip seet”, sometimes from high... read more
Canopy and edge of tall humid forest, tall second growth, tree plantations, shaded gardens and... read more
Food and feeding
Visits mostly small flowers of a variety of trees (Inga, Warscewiczia, Hamelia, Hampea, Vismia... read more
Mainly during dry season, Jan–May in Costa Rica. During breeding season males typically in leks of up to ten but occasionally... read more
Basically sedentary, but performs some local movements in response to changing flower availability. read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common in many areas in Central America, such as La Selva Biological Station and Rara Avis reserve in Costa Rica; fairly common to uncommon... read more
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