Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Violet-necked Lory (Eos squamata)


French: Lori écaillé German: Kapuzenlori Spanish: Lori escamoso

Psittacus Squamatus


, 1783,



Proposed race atrocaerulea doubtfully valid, as based on juveniles; guenbyensis and insularis are synonyms of riciniata. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. s. riciniata (Bechstein, 1811) – N Moluccas from Morotai S to Damar, including Widi Is.
  • E. s. obiensis Rothschild, 1899 – Bisa and Obi, in N Moluccas.
  • E. s. squamata (Boddaert, 1783) – Gebe (E of Halmahera) and W Papuan Is (Waigeo, Batanta, Kofiau, Misool).
  • Descriptive notes

    27 cm. Red; bill orange; collar violet-blue, broad in some birds, absent in others; belly to undertail-coverts dark purplish blue; scapulars purple tipped black; greater wing... read more


    Repertoire quite extensive. In flight, utters a disyllabic “ksi-leet!” or similar. When perched,... read more


    Lowland forest and forest edge, mangroves, disturbed forest and scrubby secondary growth adjacent... read more

    Food and feeding

    Flowering sago palm Metroxylon, unripe figs (Ficus), nectar of Erythrina flowers.


    No information from wild. In captivity: two eggs; incubation c. 27 days; nestling period c. 80 days.


    Daily movements between main islands and small offshore islets noted; also noted to form large... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. A BirdLife “restricted-range” species. A range of 70,700–435,080 birds was estimated for the population of the N Moluccas... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. & Boesman, P. (2019). Violet-necked Lory (Eos squamata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 December 2019).