French: Campyloptère violet German: Violettdegenflügel Spanish: Colibrí morado
W. Deppe#R, 1830,
Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
C. h. hemileucurus
(W. Deppe, 1830) – S Mexico (Guerrero, S Veracruz) patchily S to NC Nicaragua.
C. h. mellitus
Bangs, 1902 – Costa Rica to WC Panama (Veraguas to W Azuero Peninsula).
13–15 cm; male 11·8 g, female 9·5 g. Bill black, more strongly decurved in female. In adult male shafts of outer two primaries strongly thickened, curved... read more
Song a long series of evenly spaced high-pitched notes, usually alternating over two different... read more
Understorey and edges of humid forest in foothills and on mountain slopes, old second growth,... read more
Food and feeding
Visits flowers mainly in understorey, especially Heliconia, also those of shrubs like Cephaelis, Palicourea (... read more
Mainly in rainy season, Jun–Sept (S Mexico), May–Oct (Costa Rica), Jul (El Salvador). Nest a bulky, well-constructed cup,... read more
Pronounced altitudinal movements in many areas, descending to lower elevations (locally to sea-... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common in many areas, and able to withstand much disturbance as long as some forest cover or tall second growth remains; can use remnant... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!