French: Râle de Virginie German: Virginiaralle Spanish: Rascón de Virginia
Subspecies and Distribution
R. l. limicola
Vieillot, 1819 – Virginia Rail – S Canada and W, C & NE USA; winters from SW Canada and E Great Lakes through S USA to Mexico.
R. l. friedmanni
Dickerman, 1966 – volcanic belt of CS Mexico and extreme S Mexico to C Guatemala.
R. l. aequatorialis
Sharpe, 1894 – Ecuadorian Rail – extreme SW Colombia, and Andes of Ecuador.
R. l. meyerdeschauenseei
Fjeldså, 1990 – coastal Peru (Trujillo S to Arequipa).
20–25 cm; male 64–124 (94)g, female 67–80 (74)g. Sexes alike, female smaller. Much smaller than R. longirostris and R. elegans, with... read more
Territorial advertising call of male a series of loud, rapid “kid kid kidic kidic”... read more
Freshwater marshes with stands of robust emergent vegetation, e.g. rushes, sedges, Typha... read more
Food and feeding
Earthworms, molluscs, crayfish, amphipods, many insects (including Hymenoptera) and their larvae, small fish, frogs and small snakes; also... read more
North America, Apr–Jul; Ecuador, chick/juvenile Aug. Monogamous; pair-bond maintained only during breeding season, when territorial.... read more
Most North American populations migratory. Migrants arrive on breeding grounds in USA Mar–May... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). In USA still locally common but has suffered considerable habitat reduction as wetlands have been lost to agriculture and to urban,... read more
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