Family New World Warblers (Parulidae)

Least Concern

Virginia's Warbler (Leiothlypis virginiae)


French: Paruline de Virginia German: Gelbsteiß-Waldsänger Spanish: Reinita de Virginia

Helminthophaga virginiae

S. F. Baird

, 1860,

Cantonment [= Fort] Burgwyn, Taos County, New Mexico, USA


Has been considered conspecific with L. ruficapilla and L. crissalis, but such an arrangement not generally accepted#R. Monotypic.


Patchily in SW USA from S Idaho, Wyoming and South Dakota S to California, Arizona, New Mexico and SW Texas. Migrates to W & S Mexico (from N Jalisco and Guanajuato, occasionally from Nayarit, S to S Oaxaca).

Descriptive notes

11–12 cm; 6–10·5 g. Male is mostly mid-grey above and paler grey below, with contrasting yellow patches on breast and undertail-coverts, and pale olive-... read more


Song a series of “chwee” notes followed by similar series on lower pitch, rather... read more


Breeds in highland areas in chaparral, open pinyon-juniper (Pinus-Juniperus) and... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds almost entirely on insects; apparently, no records of vegetable matter being eaten. Forages principally by gleaning and flycatching,... read more


Season May–Jul. Nest a shallow cup of grass and weed stalks, dry leaves and moss, lined with fine grass and hair, placed on ground,... read more


Medium-distance migrant. Leaves breeding grounds in Aug, following mountain valleys and foothills S... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Generally common throughout much of its range, but documented as a species of management concern by US Fish & Wildlife Service,... read more

Recommended citation

Curson, J. (2020). Virginia's Warbler (Leiothlypis virginiae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 January 2020).