Family New World Sparrows (Passerellidae)

Least Concern

Volcano Junco (Junco vulcani)


French: Junco des volcans German: Vulkanammer Spanish: Junco de los volcanes

Zonotrichia vulcani


, 1878,

Volcán de Irazú, 10,000 feet [c. 3050 m], Costa Rica


Recent genetic analyses indicate that present species is basal in genus, its closest relative being race alticola of J. phaeonotus. Monotypic.


Volcanic summits in Costa Rica and W Panama (Cerro Fábrega, Volcán Barú).

Descriptive notes

15·2–16·6 cm; 28 g (Costa Rica). A large junco with no white in tail. Has crown to upper mantle olive-brown with faint darker streaking, black lores and... read more


Song consists of short, choppy phrases containing squeaky or buzzy notes, e.g. “k’cheew... read more


Open, grassy areas with stunted scrub, second growth, or overgrown pastures, also along roadsides;... read more

Food and feeding

Diet seeds and berries; also arthropods, including insects and spiders (Araneae). Forages principally on or near ground or low in... read more


Nest found during Apr, and fledged young observed in May and Jun. One nest described, a cup of dry grasses, lined with fluff from thistle,... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Costa Rica and Panama Highlands EBA. Not common; local. No estimates of global population available; total... read more

Recommended citation

Rising, J. (2020). Volcano Junco (Junco vulcani). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).