Family Guineafowl (Numididae)

Least Concern

Vulturine Guineafowl (Acryllium vulturinum)


French: Pintade vulturine German: Geierperlhuhn Spanish: Pintada vulturina

Numida vulturina


, 1834,

West Africa; error = Tsavo, Kenya; but type locality may be better given as Masailand area of East Africa (south-east Kenya to north-east Tanzania)#R




S & E Ethiopia, C & SW Somalia and arid parts of N & E Kenya, S to NE Tanzania (R Pangani).

Descriptive notes

c. 60–72 cm; male 1026–1645 g, female 1135–1523 g. Largest guineafowl. Noticeably long slender neck, legs and tail (latter has drooping tip); bare skin of... read more


Considered to be quieter and higher-pitched than Numida meleagris; most typical is a... read more


Generally found in drier and more open habitats than other guineafowl, especially semi-arid ... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds and leaves of grasses and herbs; berries and fruit (Commiphora, Ficus), roots, bulbs, green buds and shoots. Also... read more


Probably breeds in or just after rainy season; laying peaks in May (Ethiopia) and Jun (Kenya), or Jun, Aug and Dec (Somalia), and Dec... read more


Sedentary; prefers to walk or run from potential danger, only taking flight (for 50–100 m)... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: Safe. Total population may number over 1,000,000 birds. Generally common to abundant, and apparently stable; may suffer... read more

Recommended citation

Martínez, I. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Vulturine Guineafowl (Acryllium vulturinum). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 March 2019).