Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)

Least Concern

Wahlberg's Eagle (Hieraaetus wahlbergi)


French: Aigle de Wahlberg German: Silberadler Spanish: Águila de Wahlberg

Aquila Wahlbergi


, 1850,

Mohapvani, Botswana


Previously placed in Aquila. This species found to be sister to a clade consisting of H. pennatus, H. morphnoides (with weiskei) and H. ayresii#R. Monotypic.


W Africa from S Mauritania and Senegambia E to Sudan, Eritrea and Ethiopia, S through E Africa to Botswana and N & E South Africa and W to Angola and N & C Namibia; mostly non-breeding (migrant or nomadic) in N of range.

Descriptive notes

53–61 cm; male 437–845 g, female 670–1400 g; wingspan 130–146 cm. Smallest member of genus Aquila, and also relatively slender-bodied, with... read more


Like many raptors, only usually vocal in breeding season. Gives loud "kleeee-ee" or... read more


Woodland and tree savanna, avoiding desert and dense forest, but using cultivated areas and... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds mainly on reptiles, especially lizards (few snakes), birds, including gamebirds (overall ranging from larks to guineafowl and small... read more


Laying suspected Jul–Aug in W Africa (overall season there Jun–Nov); Sept–Oct in NE Africa (e.g. in Ethiopia); Aug–... read more


A regular trans-equatorial, intra-African migrant, usually laying its egg (or eggs) within a month... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. The commonest eagle in S & C Africa; generally less common in W Africa. Overall population estimated at c. 100,000... read more

Recommended citation

Kemp, A.C. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Wahlberg's Eagle (Hieraaetus wahlbergi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).