French: Tichodrome échelette German: Mauerläufer Spanish: Treparriscos
Subspecies and Distribution
T. m. muraria
(Linnaeus, 1766) – mountains of S & E Europe (N Spain and S France E, including Corsica, to Italy, Balkans, Caucasus, S & E Turkey) E to N Iran (Elburz Mts; perhaps Azerbaijan and Zagros Mts#R). Non-breeding at lower altitudes.
T. m. nepalensis
Bonaparte, 1850 – mountains from Turkmenistan and E Iran (Khorasan) E to Kazakhstan (Tien Shan), W Mongolia (Mongolian Altai, Gobian Altai) and, in S, to Himalayas and N, C & E China (N & E Tibetan Plateau E, discontinuously, to Hebei and W Liaoning, and S to Yunnan). Non-breeding at lower altitudes.
16·5–17 cm; 16·7–19·3 g (nominate), 13–20 g (nepalensis). Unmistakable in all plumages, but small, roughly the size of... read more
Vocal all year. Song (in Europe) consists of ascending clear whistles with lower end note, latter... read more
Varied rocky regions, typically including steep, rugged cliffs and boulder-strewn slopes, and damp... read more
Food and feeding
Diet mainly small and some larger insects, including adults, larvae and eggs, also spiders (Araneae) and some other invertebrates. Recorded... read more
Season Apr/May–Jul/Aug in Europe, depending on altitude, and mainly May–Jul farther E, e.g. in Himalayas; single-brooded.... read more
Short-distance and altitudinal migrant throughout most of range. Most winter within or close to... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Locally fairly common. Because of its sparse distribution, often in inaccessible montane habitat, and elusive, inconspicuous nature, this species... read more
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