Family Antpittas (Grallariidae)

Near Threatened

Watkins's Antpitta (Grallaria watkinsi)


French: Grallaire de Watkins German: Buschland-Ameisenpitta Spanish: Tororoí matorralero

Grallaria watkinsi


, 1919,

Milagros, 2200 feet [c. 670 m], Loja, Ecuador


Was for many years treated as a race of G. ruficapilla, but differs markedly in voice, plumage, bare-part colours and habitat; in addition, no intermediate specimens or songs are known from area of range overlap in SW Ecuador. Exact location of type locality uncertain; originally said to be in Piura (Peru), but subsequently considered more likely to be in Ecuador. Monotypic.


Coastal mountains of W & SW Ecuador (SW Manabí, Santa Elena and W Guayas, and El Oro and Loja) and immediately adjacent NW Peru (Tumbes, N Piura).

Descriptive notes

18 cm; male 60–84 g, two females 58 g and 62 g. Adult has crown and nape pale rufous with narrow whitish shaft streaks, lores and eyering light buffy to white,... read more


Song 2·1–3·4 seconds long, at intervals of 4–15 seconds, a series of 4–9 similar... read more


Dry and semi-deciduous forest and second growth, including fairly disturbed areas. At 50–1800... read more

Food and feeding

Details of diet not documented. Hops on the ground, usually keeping under cover; once observed foraging at edge of a clearing, seemingly... read more


Song recorded in Jul, and also (Peru) in late Aug; apparently sings only during breeding season, both at very early dawn and at late dusk,... read more


Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened; currently considered Near Threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Tumbesian Region EBA. Fairly common but apparently rather local; probably... read more

Recommended citation

Krabbe, N.K. & Schulenberg, T.S. (2019). Watkins's Antpitta (Grallaria watkinsi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 August 2019).