Family Ibises, Spoonbills (Threskiornithidae)

Least Concern

Wattled Ibis (Bostrychia carunculata)


French: Ibis caronculé German: Klunkeribis Spanish: Ibis carunculado

Ibis carunculata


, 1837,

Taranta Mountains, Ethiopia


Has been thought to be link between Bostrychia and Geronticus, on basis largely of breeding habits. Monotypic.


Restricted to highlands of Ethiopia and Eritrea.

Descriptive notes

65–75 cm. Very dark; conspicuous black and white upperwing coverts. Pendant throat wattle often difficult to see. Immature duller and paler, with less white on wing;... read more


Quite vocal. Main call is a loud, raucous, rolling "kowrrr...kowrrr...kowrrr.." or "harrr...harrr..... read more


Inhabits the highlands of Ethiopia and Eritrea at 1500–4100 m. Most frequent along river... read more

Food and feeding

Diet unknown, but probably mainly worms and insects, including adults and larvae of coprophagous beetles; perhaps less often large insects... read more


Laying mainly during short rains of Mar–May, and in main rains of Jul; occasionally in dry season, in Dec. Usually colonial, but... read more


Sedentary; probably some local altitudinal movements occur.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). The size of the global population is unknown but this species is locally common to very common, e.g. in the Bale Mts, where feeding... read more

Recommended citation

Matheu, E., del Hoyo, J., Garcia, E.F.J. & Boesman, P. (2019). Wattled Ibis (Bostrychia carunculata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).