#R, “the whole southern portions of Australia” = Tasmania.
In past treated as conspecific with H. tahitica (including H. javanica), but differs morphologically (especially in bill size and in tail structure and markings). Races poorly defined; tail length increases slightly from SE Australia W to Eyre Peninsula and decreases in W Australia, more so in males than in females; might be better treated as monotypic#R. Proposed race parsonsi from NE Australia (E Queensland), supposedly with less white in tail, considered indistinguishable. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!