Family Batises and Wattle-eyes (Platysteiridae)

Least Concern

West African Wattle-eye (Dyaphorophyia hormophora)


Taxonomy

French: Pririt du Togo German: Halsband-Lappenschnäpper Spanish: Batis carunculado acollarado
Taxonomy:

Dyaphorophyia hormophora

Reichenow

, 1901,

no locality = Missahoe, Togo

.

Hitherto treated as conspecific with D. castanea, but differs in its white hindcollar in male (3); narrower black breastband in male (16 hormophora from Liberia mean 10.1 mm s.d. 1.9 vs 18 castanea from Cameroon 18.6 s.d. 3.7; effect size −2.9, score 2); larger (laterally and vertically; measurements here lateral) supraocular wattle (16 males each taxon, mean 10 mm s.d. 0.82 vs 8.1 s.d. 0.71, effect size 2.45, score 2); shorter bill (effect size −1.66, ns[2]); chestnut on female breast reaching less far (at least 1). Molecular evidence#R supports this split, and a report exists of D. castanea in Gabon not responding to playback of calls of present species from Ivory Coast#R, although much more work needed to determine genuine differences in acoustic signals of these taxa. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Sierra Leone E to Benin.

Descriptive notes

10 cm; 11·4–12·8 g. Very small, plump, almost tailless flycatcher-like bird with eye wattle and strong sexual dimorphism; very similar to formerly conspecific D. castanea... read more

Voice

Probably as varied as that of D. castanea, although few descriptions from range of present... read more

Habitat

Inhabits shaded understorey of primary and old secondary semi-evergreen rainforest, especially near... read more

Food and feeding

Diet not well known, but insects including small beetles (Coleoptera) and a grasshopper (Orthoptera) have been recorded in stomach contents... read more

Breeding

Season apparently prolonged, e.g. in Ghana, nests at various stages observed in Feb, Mar, Aug and Dec, and dependent juveniles seen in Jan... read more

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Generally common, and apparently capable of persisting even in relatively small forest patches. Estimated population of 400,000 pairs... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). West African Wattle-eye (Dyaphorophyia hormophora). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/1343791 on 19 February 2020).