Sometimes separated with other barred congeners in Centurus. Recent molecular phylogeny found this species to be sister to a clade formed by M. carolinus and nominate M. a. aurifrons#R. Race caymanensis small and small-billed, with buff tinge on upperparts and little or no black on face, formerly considered a separate species. Grand Bahama population sometimes separated as race bahamensis, on average marginally shorter-billed, slightly darker below and tending to show slightly more black behind eye, but otherwise identical to San Salvador race nyeanus, which is itself somewhat variable, so the two are more appropriately lumped. Around I of Pines, proposed races sanfelipensis (Cayo Real, in Cayos de San Felipe) and florentinoi (Cayo Largo) both considered inseparable, and both populations may now be extinct. Five subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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