Previously considered conspecific with Z. asiatica, and these two were thought perhaps to be more closely related to Columba than to most other members of Zenaida; genetic data confirm monophyly of genus, and also suggest that present species and Z. asiatica are each other’s closest relatives but separate species, thus backing up the differences noted between them in vocalizations and morphology#R. Monotypic.
Pacific coast of South America from SW Ecuador to N Chile (Arica S to Coquimbo).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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