French: Merlebleu de l’Ouest German: Blaukehl-Hüttensänger Spanish: Azulejo occidental
tableland of Mexico
Subspecies and Distribution
S. m. occidentalis
J. K. Townsend, 1837 – SW Canada S to NW Mexico (N Baja California); N populations migratory.
S. m. bairdi
Ridgway, 1894 – interior W USA S to NW Mexico (S Sonora and NW Chihuahua).
S. m. jacoti
A. R. Phillips, 1991 – S USA (Davis Mts, in S Texas) and NE Mexico (San Luis Mts).
S. m. amabilis
R. T. Moore, 1939 – NW Mexico (SE Chihuahua to NW Zacatecas).
S. m. nelsoni
A. R. Phillips, 1991 – NE & C Mexico (N Coahuila to W San Luis Potosí, N Guanajuato and NE Jalisco).
S. m. mexicana
Swainson, 1832 – C Mexico (Veracruz to N Puebla and Hidalgo, W to Michoacán and Aguascalientes).
16·5–19 cm; 24–31 g. Male nominate race has entire head to uppermost breast, and upperparts, rich blue, patch on scapulars rusty-red, blackish tips of tail... read more
Two songs distinguished, but appear to intergrade. Dawn/pre-dawn song includes common “few... read more
Hilly and montane regions with open park-like coniferous and deciduous forest, ragged forest... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly arthropods in spring and summer; mainly small fruits and some seeds in autumn and winter. Major animal items include grasshoppers (... read more
Mid-Apr to early Aug; normally 1–2 broods per year, depending on local conditions, but up to three in Oregon. Monogamous, pair-bond... read more
Partial and/or altitudinal migrant; winters usually in small flocks, often family parties,... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Widespread and relatively numerous; fairly common to common in Mexico. Densities vary with habitat, but in optimal conditions (e.g. ponderosa pine... read more
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