Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Western Bronze-naped Pigeon (Columba iriditorques)


French: Pigeon à nuque bronzée German: Glanzkopftaube Spanish: Paloma nuquibronceada

Columra [sic] iriditorques


, 1857,

St Paul’s River, Liberia


Sometimes considered conspecific with C. delegorguei (but see that species) and C. malherbii; these three occasionally placed in a subgenus Turturoena. Differs from C. malberbii on account of much smaller size (at least 1); grey throat cutting cleanly to greyish-pink rest of underparts with rusty vent vs pale to mid-grey underparts throughout, and ochreish vent (3); outertail broadly tipped white with inner vanes of undertail rusty vs all grey tail with pale ochreish tinge to underside (3); broad neat golden hindcollar vs none (3); female rusty below and on head vs ochreish below with grey forecrown and green-glossed hindcrown (ns[3]). Monotypic.


Sierra Leone and SE Guinea through S Nigeria and Gabon to NW Angola, occupying entire Congo Basin from S Cameroon and W Congo E to SW Uganda and S to NW Zambia.

Descriptive notes

25 cm; male 130 g, female 122 g. Head bluish grey, throat paler, iridescent pink or green on crown and nape; hindneck and upper mantle iridescent copper-bronze, green or pink... read more


Advertising call a rather complex rhythmic phrase starting with a couple of subdued hesitant hoots... read more


Occupies lowland forests from sea-level up to 1500 m; also riparian evergreen forests, old... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly fruit but also seeds; fruits identified as having been consumed include Musanga, Eisterya and Horonga. read more


Mar, Apr, Jul and Sept in Liberia; Dec–Mar in Zaire; Oct in Zambia. A nest discovered in Zambia was a flimsy platform in a dense... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Reported as uncommon in Cameroon and the Congo Basin; however, species may perhaps be easily overlooked, as it usually keeps well hidden in the... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Western Bronze-naped Pigeon (Columba iriditorques). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 6 December 2019).