French: Tyran de l’Ouest German: Schmalschnabel-Königstyrann Spanish: Tirano occidental
#R, near La Junta, Colorado, USA
W & C North America (S from S interior British Columbia, S Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, E to W Minnesota, W Iowa, W Missouri, Oklahoma and Texas) and N Mexico (N Baja California, also S on mainland to S Sonora and NW Chihuahua). Winters from S Mexico (Pacific coast and adjacent interior from S Jalisco and Guerrero to S Chiapas), S Guatemala, El Salvador, SW Honduras and W Nicaragua S to Costa Rica (Térraba region); also in S Florida, USA.
19·5–24·1 cm; 35–40 g, male average 38·5 g, female average 37·3 g. Has head and nape pale grey, semi-concealed flame-orange to orange-... read more
Commonest call a sharp, emphatic “whit”, “bec” or “bek”; often... read more
Wide variety of open habitat, including grassland and savanna, sagebrush flats, desert scrub,... read more
Food and feeding
Arthropods (mostly insects) comprise 90–97% of adult diet; principal prey hymenopterans, hemipterans, orthopterans, lepidopteran... read more
Timing of breeding directly related to insect abundance; egg-laying in North America from mid-Apr to Jun, generally later in N; breeds Apr... read more
Medium-distance migrant. Winters mainly from S Mexico S to W Costa Rica, in small numbers also from... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common. Estimated global population 19,000,000 individuals. Breeding densities vary with habitat, from c. 1 pair/3·7 ha in riparian habitat to... read more
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