French: Coucou koël German: Indischer Koel Spanish: Koel occidental
Other common names:
Malabar, southern India
Subspecies and Distribution
E. s. scolopaceus
(Linnaeus, 1758) – Pakistan, India and Nepal S to Sri Lanka, Laccadives and Maldives.
E. s. chinensis
Cabanis & Heine, 1863 – S China and Indochina; winters S to Borneo.
E. s. harterti
Ingram, 1912 – Hainan.
E. s. malayanus
Cabanis & Heine, 1863 – E India and Bangladesh, through Myanmar, Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia to Sumatra, Borneo, Java and Lesser Sundas (Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores); winter visitor to Andaman and Nicobar Is#R.
E. s. simalurensis
Junge, 1936 – Simeulue and offlying islands of Kokos and Babi (off NW Sumatra).
E. s. frater
McGregor, 1904 – extreme N Philippines (Calayan and Fuga).
E. s. mindanensis
(Linnaeus, 1766) – Philippines S to Talaud Is and Sangihe Is.
39–46 cm; 136–190 g, female 234 g (scolopaceus); 202–242 g (malayanus). For differences from previously conspecific E. orientalis... read more
Loud and noisy, but less vocal in winter; calls early, starting before dawn. Female has call like a... read more
Open forest, coastal swamp forest, edge and scrub, gallery forest, riverside scrub, plantations (e.... read more
Food and feeding
Fruit, including figs (Ficus), berries of Morus, Zizyphus, papaya (Carica papaya) and other fruiting... read more
Breeds Mar–Aug (mainly May–Jun) in India and Pakistan, Apr–Aug in Sri Lanka, Feb–Apr in Malaysia, and nearly year-... read more
Resident or makes irregular movements, e.g. of five ringed at Point Calimere, S India, in Dec, all... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). A widespread species with range extending to remote islands in Indian Ocean, e.g. Maldives and Laccadives. Common through much of... read more
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