Family Nicators (Nicatoridae)

Least Concern

Western Nicator (Nicator chloris)


French: Nicator du Sénégal German: Graukehl-Tropfenvogel Spanish: Conquistador occidental
Other common names: Yellow-spotted Nicator

Lanius chloris


, 1826,

Galam, Senegal


Often considered conspecific with N. gularis. Monotypic.


Senegambia and S Guinea E to S South Sudan (Imatong Mts) and E Uganda, S to N Angola and S DRCongo, also extreme NW & W Tanzania.

Descriptive notes

20–23 cm; male 48–67 g, female 32–51 g. Distinctive, shrike-like bulbul with relatively heavy hooked bill, conspicuous yellow spotting on wings, feathering... read more


Song powerful, melodious and very varied, comprising explosive crescendo of clear whistles,... read more


Primary and secondary evergreen and semi-deciduous forest, swamp-forest, gallery forest, and areas... read more

Food and feeding

Arthropods, including large orthopterans, mantids, beetles (Coleoptera), caterpillars; also vertebrates such as small frogs; a few berries... read more


Nesting recorded in Apr in Sierra Leone, Feb and Nov (immatures Feb, Apr, Jul–Aug) in Liberia and Dec in Ivory Coast; Jun (breeding... read more


Sedentary, at least in Gabon.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Generally common throughout its range. Present in numerous national parks, including those of Sapo, in Liberia, Taï Forest, in Ivory Coast,... read more

Recommended citation

Fishpool, L. & Tobias, J. (2020). Western Nicator (Nicator chloris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 February 2020).