P. L. Sclater, 1853,
“Bogotá” trade skin, Colombia.
Formerly considered conspecific with E. hoffmannsi (which see). Forms meridionalis and atrogularis distinctive for lacking the chestnut dorsal patch (3) and with stronger tan-rufous in females (1), but vocal differences seemingly weak#R. Validity of races and precise ranges uncertain; saturata may not be diagnosably different from nominate, and it is unclear whether meridionalis and atrogularis intergrade. Identity of rufous-backed birds near base of Andes in SC Peru (Cuzco) uncertain. Further research required. Four subspecies currently recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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