New Providence, Bahama Islands.
Formerly treated as conspecific with all three congeners; they differ in morphology, plumage and vocalizations. Races of present species originally suggested to represent four distinct species, nominate and townsendi forming one species and pretrei, salvini and benedicti another three, but differences overlap to some extent, while on the other hand nominate and townsendi possess some clear morphological differences. Races pretrei and salvini are relatively alike, with more restricted black malar stripe (1); paler chestnut breast, hindcollar and rump (2); and paler, clearer green back (2); while race benedicti has darkest and most extensive chestnut on breast (2) and largest bill (allow 2); thus detailed study of vocalizations highly desirable to provide further evidence of difference or similarity between the taxa. Five subspecies recognized.
Occasional (several races) in Florida, USA, where has bred (2009)#R.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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