Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Western Superb Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus temminckii)


French: Ptilope de Temminck German: Westliche Prachtfruchttaube Spanish: Tilopo soberbio occidental

Kurukuru Temminckii

Des Murs and Prévost

, 1849,



Affinities uncertain. Hitherto considered conspecific with P. superbus but here split on account of its purplish lower breast shading into a bluish-black ventral band vs pure grey lower breast divided sharply from bluish-black ventral band (3); duller rusty mantle and neck-sides, but area extending up nape to about the purple hindcrown (rather than fading into green of cheek that extends around the back of the purple hindcrown) (2); crown of female purplish like male vs green shading to dark blue at rear (3). Monotypic.


Sulawesi, including Peleng Is (Banggai archipelago)#R. Also recorded on Sulu Is (SW Philippines)#R#R.

Descriptive notes

21–24 cm. Mid-sized, rather plump-bodied fruit-dove. Male has purple cap, reddish-orange nape and upper mantle, green patch on head-sides, bright green upperparts with dark... read more


Not specifically described, but a recording from Sulawesi comprises two series of ascending,... read more


Occurs in a variety of forested habitats, including mangroves, agroforest with scattered trees, as... read more

Food and feeding

Frugivorous. Takes small or medium-sized fruits. Forages singly or in pairs.


Little information available. A nest under construction was found in mid Sept in N Sulawesi; it was on a main branch 11 m up in a Ficus... read more


Presumably sedentary, but few data.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Described as moderately common but population suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction and fragmentation.... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Western Superb Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus temminckii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 January 2020).